by World Wise Schools

Introduction

While the United Nations has declared gender equality a human right, the world still faces a persistent gender gap in access to opportunities and decision-making power. Global trends show that women typically have fewer opportunities for economic participation than men, less access to basic and higher education, greater health and safety risks, and less political representation.

Women’s empowerment – increasing a woman’s sense of self-worth, decision-making power, access to opportunities and resources, power and control over her own life inside and outside the home, and ability to effect change – is an essential part of attaining gender equality and for achieving other major global development goals in areas like health, poverty reduction, and education.

Gender issues are not focused on women alone, but on the relationship between men and women in society. The actions and attitudes of both men and women play a role in achieving gender equality.