1.  After reading chapters 2 -3 of The Bronze Dagger, read the first two sections, "Ancient Sumerian History" and "Specialized Labor" found here

Write a short essay of 6-10 sentences listing the benefits that a stable water source and arable land provided to the people of Mesopotamia, and how these benefits helped them develop a civilization. If you refer to the elements of a civilization found here, it will help you organize your essay.  Title the paragraph, “How Mesopotamia’s Geography Contributed to the Development of the First Civilization.”  Write your essay in a Google Doc®, and name it: "your last name" Mesopotamia.



Comprehension Questions

2. Locate the following link, then use the information found there to answer the following questions:  

A. What is the date and source of the article in the above link?

B. Knowing the date and source of the article, can you infer that the information in the article is reliable?  Why or why not?

C.  Read the second and third paragraph of the article.  This article discusses bronze works from the geographic area of Luristan, which is surrounded by the high ranges of what mountains?

D.  According to paragraph three of the article, bronze works were made in this area from at least what time period onwards?


3.  After reading Chapter 4, visit this site then answer the questions that follow. Hint: your answers will be found on the last page of the document.

A. To where did Ashurbanipal send scribes, and why do you think he chose those specific cities?

B.  What did King Ashurbanipal order these scribes to do?  Why  do you think King Ashurbanipal did this?


4.  Review the first paragraph about the Library of Ashurbanipal found at this link, and then answer the following questions:

A. What is the source of this article?

B. What is the oldest surviving royal library in the world, and when was this library created?

C. When were fragments from this library first excavated (dug up), and how much time had elapsed since they were first written?

D.  The writings found in this ancient library were written on clay tablets in what kind of script?


5.  Go to this link and then answer the questions below.

A. Called the Flood Tablet, the writing from this fragment found in Ashurbanipal's ancient library relates part of what story?

B. According to this article, Gilgamesh was a legendary ruler of what city?

C. The tablet tells of Gilgamesh meeting someone named U __________________ who had been forewarned about what and by whom?

D.  This flood story in the Epic of Gilgamesh is similar to what other culture's flood story?

E.  According to the last paragraph of the article here, there are references to Gilgamesh by known historical figures of his time.  What do historians believe was the time of Gilgamesh?  This means Gilgamesh may have been King of Uruk around what year?


6.  After reading chapters 5-7, answer the questions below:

A.  What was the name of the ziggurat Sam saw in chapter 7?  What did this name mean, and how tall was it?

B.  Go to this site.  What clue led archaeologists to believe that the ziggurat they discovered at the Mesopotamian city of Eridu was a temple?

7.  After reading chapters 8-9, go to the link here and answer the following question:

A.  Slide six describe the kinds of two objects that Hammurabi's code of laws were carved on.  What were they?


8.  Look up the following link, then answer the questions below:

A.  Who originally published the article at the URL above, and do you think this is a reliable source?  Why or why not?

B.  Read the first two paragraphs of the article.  What was Babylon's patron god?

C.  According to the article, what was King Hammurabi's most noted contribution?

D.  Before Hammurabi's code was written down, how were most laws passed down in the ancient world?


9.  Read chapters 10-15, then answer the questions below.  

A.  According to, what does the word, "alloy" mean?

B. According to general information found at this site

1) bronze is an alloy (mixture) of what two minerals?

2) Is bronze harder or softer than copper?

3) Ancient man moved from the Stone Age to the Bronze Age at about what time in history?

4) What early copper smiths found that heating copper softened it, and hammering copper made it harder?