DAY 1: What is Imperialism?
Today, you will complete 3 Steps, as yo study selected readings, maps, and other visuals, as well as research the internet in order to answer questions about Imperialism.
As you read and find information, jot down important points that may be useful for your Final Task.
Step 1 - What is Imperialism?
1) Map: View the map.
Answer: Which European empires had colonies in Africa and which in Asia? Based on your understanding of Africa and Asia, why do you think Europeans would try to take over those regions?
2) Introductory Reading: The following website contains the definition of "colonialism". Read the dictionary's definition (feel free to look up more definitions): http://oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/american_english/colonialism
Answer: Now that you have read the dictionary definition of "colonialism", write YOUR OWN DEFINITION of colonialism (COMPLETELY in YOUR OWN WORDS .)
Step 2 -Independent Work: Research
In this step, you will research the topics listed below and share your research with your fellow classmates.
Topics/terms for research (you must research all 4) and take notes on each:
- European colonialism
- The Berlin Conference
- The Scramble for Africa
Once you have researched the topics on the internet, share with peers by pasting the links to at least two of the websites you found, and a short explanation about what each site is about (1-3 sentences), on the following Google Document: Google Docs / WebQuest List
Step 3 -Independent Work: Challenge Activities
Complete 1 of the following activities:
- Challenge Level 1: Take notes on your research. Write the definition of each term, plus an explanation of each of the topics.
- Challenge Level 2: Take notes on your research. Write an open-ended question for each of the topics. Answer your own questions in detail (make sure to write well-developed paragraphs; minimum 2 paragraphs for each answer).
- Challenge Level 3: Take notes on your research. Write an open-ended question for each of the topics, and post your questions on the following Discussion Board: Imerialism WebQUest Discussion Board Using the same Discussion Board, answer at least four of your peers' questions (each answer must be on a different topic). Respond to all answers made in response to your question.
DAY 2: Colonization of Africa
Today, you will complete 3 Steps. Today's activities will help you learn about colonization of Africa in more detail, as you explore textual and visual sources of information. Throughout, keep in mind your final task - remember, that you are learning about colonization in order to not to repeat history when coming up with a "Plan" for how to keep your country strong.
Step 1: Pair Share Reading & Analysis Activities:
Work with a partner to read/view the resources below. For each category, you are only required to read/view 1 item (1 article, 1 primary source excerpt, 1 political cartoon and 1 video -you may read more than one if you chose so). As you read, take notes that will help you discuss the topics with your classmates.
1) Map: Look at the map below.
Answer: What does it tell us about who controlled Africa during this time period?
2) Timeline: View this TIMELINE of African colonization.
Answer: Write down 3 facts from the timeline; for each fact, write down a comment.
3) Background Readings (choose 1):
- "Summary: Colonialism in Africa" (Reading Level: Very Easy)
- "Scramble for Africa" (Reading Level: Easy) Note: Everyone should give this article a quick read, as it explains the topic in easy to understand terms.
- "The Dark Continent: European Colonization of Africa" (Reading Level: Advanced)
- "The Colonization of Africa" (Reading Level: Advanced)
4) Political Cartoons (choose 1 political cartoon):
Analyze the cartoon.
Answer the following: What does the cartoon tells us about imperialism?Does the cartoon portray imperialism in positive or negative terms? Refer to details in the cartoon in your answer.
5) Primary Sources/ Quotes & Excerpts (choose 1 ):
Answer: What does this quote tell us about colonialism and the experiences of the colonized peoples?
When the whites came to our country, we had the land and they had the Bible, now we have the Bible and they have the land."-African proverb
Quote #2: Poem
The White Man killed my father,
My father was proud.
The White Man seduced my mother,
My mother was beautiful.
The White Man burnt my brother beneath the noonday sun,
My brother was strong.
His hands red with black blood
The White Man turned to me;
And in the Conqueror’s voice said,
"Boy! a chair, a napkin, a drink.
An Anthology of West African Verse, David Diop, 1957
"The condition of the white rulers of these lower races is distinctively parasitic; they live upon these natives, their chief work being that of organizing native labor for their support. The normal state of this country is one in which the most fertile lands and the mineral resources are owned by white aliens and worked by natives under their direction, primarily for their gain...“
Quote # 4 - Poem:
"The White Man's Burden"
By: Rudyard Kipling
Take up the White Man’s burden–
Send forth the best ye breed–
Go, bind your sons to exile
To serve your captives’ need;
Take up the White Man’s burden–
The savage wars of peace–
Fill full the mouth of Famine,
And bid the sickness cease;
Published in McClure’s Magazine, Feb. 1899
By railways and roads, by reclamation [recovery] of swamps and irrigation of deserts, and by a system of fair trade and competition, we have added to the prosperity and wealth of these lands, and [have] checked famine and disease. We have put an end to the awful misery of the slave trade and inter-tribal war, to human sacrifice and the ordeals of the witch-doctor. Where these things survive they are severely suppressed. We are endeavouring [trying] to teach the native races to conduct their own affairs with justice and humanity, and to educate them alike in letters and in industry. . . .
“Indeed, it has been rightly asserted by both Africans and Europeans that the European occupation of Africa, although it deprived people of their independence, helped to direct the minds and activities of the native peoples away from destructive to constructive programs of action. …The reader should note these four things, among others, that the coming of the European power, brought to Africa: the coming together of different tribes; better communications; a new economic system; and the creation of new classes among the African people….”
I say that we are the finest race in the world and that the more of the world we inhabit the better it is for the human race. Just imagine what change there would be if those parts that are at present inhabited by the most inferior human beings were brought under Anglo-Saxon influence. Think of the extra employment a new country added to our dominions would give. [...] The acquisition of the greater part of the world under our rule would simply mean an end to all wars. [...] Africa is lying ready for us, it is our duty to take it.
Cecil Rhodes, Confession of Faith, 1877.
6) Videos (choose 1): Take notes on the video.
Colonialism in 10 minutes: The Scramble for Africa (10 min - A VERY good video)
Step 2: Group Work - Share and Collaborative Analysis:
1) Once you have completed the above assignments, find another "pair" of students who are also finished and share your findings.
2) Then, as a group, answer the following questions:
- Which European nations colonized Africa?
- What were the causes of European colonization of Africa?
- How did African colonization benefit Europeans?
- How did colonization affect the colonized Africans?
Step 3: Challenge Activities: Independent Writing Assignment
Now, that you completed the above assignments, you should have a good understanding of colonialism in Africa. You will now work independently to complete one of the assignments below.
- Level 1 Challenge: Draw a political cartoon that represents either a positive or a negative view of African colonialism. Write a short description (1/2 page minimum) of what your cartoon is portraying.
- Level 2 Challenge: Write a journal entry from the perspective of a European colonizer OR a colonized African, in which you explain how colonization has impacted your life. Support your writing with examples from this lesson (MLA Format, minimum 1 typed page)
- Level 3 Challenge: Write a "double-entry" journal in which you detail one day in Africa, by describing the events of the day from two perspectives: that of a European colonizer and that of a colonized African. Your entries must reflect events that could realistically have happened during the period of colonization, and must be supported by examples from this lesson (MLA Format, minimum 2 typed pages)
DAY 3: Colonization of Asia
Today's lesson includes 2 Steps; in each step you will work in pairs to study the colonization of Asia. You will again get to choose which materials to learn from.
Step 1: Pair Share - Reading & Analysis Activities:
In Step 1, you will complete 3 activities. As you complete each activity, keep the final Task in the back of your head :-)
1) Map: Look at the map below.
Answer: What does it tell us about who controlled Asia during this time period? How is this similar to African colonialism?
2) Video: View the video, "Imperialism: Crash Course" (The most important are the first 4 minutes, and then the discussion of India, which begins 8:24 minutes into the video.)
Answer the following:
- What were the Opium Wars?
- How did Europeans react to China making opium illegal?
- Why did European colonize Asia and how is this similar to the colonization of Africa?
- How did the British rule over India?
- Explain the concept of "indirect rule."
- How did cooperation with Europeans benefit Asian rulers (ex. Indian princes)?
- In the last few minutes of the video (12:00 min), what does the author mean when he says that, "the complicated legacy of imperialism survives"?
3) Readings (Read at least two of the articles below; one about India and one about China. Take notes.)
Introduction: Many Asians resisted European colonialism of their home lands. Their struggle for independence continued for many years and often resulted in the loss of many lives. Below, are readings describing resistance efforts that took place during various time periods in India and China.
- "Sepoy Rebellion: 1857" (Reading Level:Average)
- "The Ghandi Salt March: 1930" (India) (Reading Level: Average)
- Additional Video: "The Causes of the Sepoy Mutiny" (optional)
- "The Boxer Rebellion: Overview" (China) (Reading Level: Very Easy)
- "The Boxer Rebellion" (CHina) (Reading Level:Easy)
- "Boxer Rebellion" (China) (Reading Level: Average)
- "The Boxer Rebellion & U.S. Marines" (China) (Reading Level: Advanced)
- "U.S. Marines in the Boxer Rebellion" (Reading Level: Advanced)
Step 2: Pair-Share Challenge Activities
Challenge Level 1: Create a chart of "Causes and Effects" that compares the causes and effects of the Sepoy Rebellion and the Boxer Rebellion.
Challenge Level 2: Create a Venn Diagram to compare and contrast the Sepoy Rebellion and the Ghandi Salt March. In your answer, pay attention to the causes, effects, means of protest (violent/peaceful), and any other pertinent similarities and/or differences.
Challenge Level 3: Write a persuasive speech from the perspective of a rebel (either a Sepoy Rebellion supporter OR a Chinese Boxer) in which you convince your fellow countrymen to rebel against the colonial powers. Make sure to include historically accurate reasons for why people should revolt in your speech. (Minimum 1 full, typed page)
FINISH LINE: THE FINAL TASK
Now that you have completed all the activities in this Quest, you should have an excellent understanding of Imperialism and European Colonization of Africa and Asia. You should be able to now take these lessons in history and use them not to "repeat history" as you complete your final Task: The Plan for Your Country.