by Us History, Pittsburg High School
Exploring the Brown v. Board of Education and Woolworth Sit-ins as two different tactics used to fight against segregation
As we discussed yesterday, almost immediately upon the passing of the 14th amendment white people in America attempted to find different methods of segregating the races. While much of the segregation occurring in America was defacto segregation, or segregation by practice, dejure segregation, or segregation by law, began spreading across the country. Slowly but surely each individual state began creating segregation laws to separate whites and blacks in public spaces, on public transportation, and even in schools. In 1896, the Supreme Court ruled in the Plessy vs. Ferguson decision that "separate but equal facilities" were constitutional and in that moment segregation became the law of the land.
Over the next 60 years, African Americans fought to end these discriminatory laws. Many organizations were created to fight for the civil rights of African Americans such as: NAACP, SCLC, SNCC, and CORE. These groups used different tactics to fight to end segregation and to fight for equal rights for all people in America. They used the justice system to bring their cases to the Supreme Court. They used civil disobedience or non violent resistance against unjust laws or gov't policies. And, they used public demonstrations to draw attention to their causes.
These different methods each had their benefits and helped to move the civil rights fight forward